On my journey across Russia by train I passed through numerous tunnels and over numerous bridges, and noticed one thing strange at each and every one.

High barbed cable fences preventing access beneath each bridge that is major.

And guard houses at every tunnel portal.

I stumbled upon A russian railfan forum, where in fact the reason behind these safety measures ended up being raised.

VeschiiOleg composed: for instance, the method of any bridge that is serious enclosed with a area of alienation with barbed wire, signs and armed guards.

Vlad wrote: We photograph the railway connection, for instance. The ВОХРовец is approaching us and politely is interested, but about what foundation are you currently using these pictures?

VeschiiOleg composed: ВОХРовец, in accordance with the statute associated with guard solution they don’t have liberties to go out of the center, those due to the territory he must not leave. But to call the police – easily. And then they will be right if on the fence, there are inscriptions about the prohibition of filming.

Just what exactly would be the ВОХРовец? It’s an abbreviation for Военизированная охрана – also known as Ведомственная охрана, Russian-language Wikipedia defines them because:

Specialised state departmental units that are armed for protecting structures, structures, automobiles, and cargo from illegal assaults. They will have the best to make use of armed forces and solution firearms, as well as solution dogs, handcuffs, plastic batons, and spike strips utilized to prevent cars. Officials of state protection that is departmental by federal state systems) have actually the proper to set up protocols on administrative offences, execute individual queries, examine products belonging to individuals, inspect automobiles and other procedural actions founded because of the Code of Administrative Offences associated with Russian Federation.

The Russian Railways are protected by the «Ведомственная охрана железнодорожного транспорта Российской Федерации» (Departmental protection provider of Railway Transport associated with the Russian Federation) – who describe by themselves as a result:

The Federal State Enterprise “Departmental Protection of this Federal Agency for Railway Transport” carries away its tasks based on the Resolution associated with the federal federal federal Government for the Russian Federation of 27, 2009, No. 540 “On Approval of this legislation on Departmental Protection associated with Federal Agency for Railway Transport. june”

The Federal State Enterprise “Departmental Protection of Railway Transport regarding the Russian Federation” for pretty much 90 years has guaranteed the security regarding the cargo being transported, the security of things and also the fire safety of railway transportation within the passions associated with continuing state, residents plus the company “RZhD” all across the metal highways from Kaliningrad to Sakhalin.

Today the departmental security associated with the railway transportation has 68,000 workers, with more than 2400 items of railway infrastructure protected, including a lot more than 1900 essential people.

A lot more than 400 fire inspectors perform fire prevention at stationary facilities and rolling stock. In constant readiness for action are 307 fire trains, including 67 specialised, with additional tactical abilities to expel emergencies with dangerous products.

Additionally they flaunt their work protecting bridges that are major.

As well as railway tunnels.

So why are such substantial protection measures set up?

Some body for A russian railway forum asked the exact same question, and received different explanations:

Kirill N.Kravchenko The undeniable fact that the railway bridges are so heavily guarded is understandable, no one doubts this will be necessary. But I’ve constantly wondered: what makes vehicle bridges not too zealously protected?

Victor Mikhailov in case of a major accident regarding the train such as for instance connection collapse, the effects will likely be way more significant in comparison to a road connection. Any automobile may have time for you to ahead stop seeing for the barrier. In addition road bridges are a lot more numerous than train bridge, it is therefore impractical to protect most of the bridges (how to locate a lot of guards).

Novikov S.V. It really is easier for road automobiles to locate a detour, or engineering troops can erect a pontoon bridge that is temporary. Blowing up a railway connection means complete paralysis of this path through to the connection is wholly restored.

Sura i am aware that people are dealing with “big” unique bridges. Standard railway bridge over the river that is small be restored in a really brief room from pre-prepared sets. Really, that is why they may not be protected.

But this Russian-language article in Евразия Вести suggests a more most most most likely reason – Soviet-era paranoia.

After the October Revolution railway facilities of strategic value had been underneath the security of this department that is military security of “external purchase, deanery and general general public safety” ended up being performed by elements of the railway guard in addition to authorities. Cargoes, home and means were beneath the care of watchmen, who have been in complete subordination to those whoever good https://bridesfinder.net that they had protected.

So that you can bolster the leadership, in March 1918 a unique decree had been used “On the centralisation of administration, the security of railways therefore the enhance of the efficiency”. Because of the decree of this federal government of July 17 of the identical 12 months, underneath the People’s Commissariat of Railways (NKPS), any office of Protection had been founded.

The squad on a lawn included transportation specialists. They fought decisively against stowaways and people whom attempted to transport products without re re payment, along with monitoring the effectiveness of rolling stock usage. It had been envisaged to improve the amount of security staff to 70 thousand individuals.

The authorities could not tolerate chaos and theft in the railways. Looters slice the telegraph cables. Profiteers swarmed trains, like locusts. Concealed were robbers, bandits along with other unlawful element.

The NKPS had been forced to simply simply simply take measures that are extreme. During the channels, warehouses, warehouses temporarily formed protection that is non-military. In terms of bridges as well as other structures maybe perhaps perhaps not guarded by troops, in addition to railway songs, they went under the tutelage of neighborhood authorities, which formed out of brigade workers.

Some few propaganda videos

A video clip through the Voronezh branch to mark 95 several years of railway guards, whom protect the Southern Eastern Railway.

And through the Samara branch, whom protect the railway connection on the Volga River regarding the Kuybyshev Railway.

Footnote

Ministry of Railways associated with the USSR directive No-298y «Типовые решения по оборудованию инженерными средствами охраны на искусственных сооружениях, охраняемых военизированной охраной МПС» (Typical solutions for equipping engineering facilities for security on man-made structures protected by paramilitary security for the Ministry of Railways) dated 2 February 1990 details the fencing criteria around limited areas.

According to clause 2.1.1, the boundaries for the area that is restricted protected by a barbed cable fence (tape or inter inter inter net) in 12 threads 2 m extreme. Within the landscapes, they’ve been designated by warning signs 2 m high above the floor surface, installed over the fence line through the inside through every 50 meters within the enclosure associated with limited area can be arranged gates and wickets. According to clause 2.2.3, regarding the view articles, led (rotary) floodlights associated with the PFS type (without contacts) or other narrow-beam floodlights are made to raise the equipping of this landscapes outside of the limited area. According to paragraph 4.1, articles when it comes to security of synthetic structures.

Whilst the «По организации работы караулов ФГП ВО ЖДТ РФ» (process of organising those activities of Departmental safety provider of Railway Transport of this Federation that is russian 21 September 2010 specifies one other protection features needed.

In accordance with clause 2.4.1 of this manual a security system is established to offer security when it comes to object that is protected which include: guard, articles, instructions, places and paths, surveillance sectors, engineering and technical method of security, articles of solution dogs, means and other forces. Equipment posts should supply the guard: an adequate summary of all parts of the post while the area that is surrounding adequate lighting associated with ways to the thing, its most crucial points; lack of illumination (blinding) by lighting systems of safety gear and guards; the chance of centralised handling of the complete illumination system or a small grouping of fixtures, as well as in necessary situations, split lamps (projectors).

Gear of limited areas includes: their fencing, checkpoint, indicators, indicative and delimiting indications, a safety illumination system, technical protection gear, postal interaction and signalling, guard articles, defensive structures. With respect to the nature regarding the item and also the conditions of its location, the fence is created all over border associated with the web web site in addition to boundaries regarding the limited areas. Whenever erecting a fence, it should be taken into consideration it should be rectilinear, without unnecessary bends restricting observation, no less than one . 5 meters in height. To it must not adjoin any structures. The approaches to the post and the protected object should be illuminated so that the sentry, being on the post or moving along the site of the post, was in the shade in the darkness of the day. Prior to the procedure that is established protection illumination should offer illumination during the edges.